Gender Development Index (GDI)

In the 2014 HDR, UNDP introduced a new measure, the Gender Development Index (GDI) based on the sex-disaggregated Human Development Index, defined as a ratio of the female to the male HDI. The GDI measures gender inequalities in achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—health, education and command over economic resources. Country rankings are based on absolute deviation from gender parity in HDI. What this means is that ranking takes into consideration inequality in favour of men or women equally.

Malaysia is ranked at 91 among 148 countries in the 2013 index. Across the dimensions, there is gender equality in terms of education however further improvements are required for the health and command over economic resources dimensions.

On a whole, Malaysia’s GDI value is slightly below the average of high HDI countries and East Asia and the Pacific.

> More:

Gender Inequality Index (GII)


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It is essential that Malaysia continues to prioritise inclusive growth and social cohesion, and moves forward with the second generation policies that are needed to support this.
-Frances Stewart